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**MAT 1L1**** Mathematics (Locally Developed)** This course emphasizes further development of mathematical
knowledge and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday
lives, in the workplace, and in Grade 10 LDCC courses. The course is
organized in three strands related to money sense, measurement, and
proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is on developing and
consolidating key mathematical concepts and skills by solving authentic,
everyday problems. Students have opportunities to further develop their
mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to continue
developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language through
relevant and practical math activities.

**MFM 1P1**** Foundations of Mathematics **This course enables students to develop an understanding of
mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional
reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the
effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will
investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of
linear relations, and will determine the connections between the
representations. They will also explore certain relationships that
emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and
two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical
skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

**MPM 1D1**** Principles of Mathematics **This course enables students to develop an understanding of
mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and
measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of
technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate
relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines,
and will determine the connections between different representations of a
linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from
the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes.
Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as
they solve multi-step problems.

**MPM 1DZ**** Principles of Mathematics
(Immersion) **The language of instruction for this course is French. The
objectives, content, teaching strategies and evaluation are identical to
those of the regular Grade 9 Mathematics course taught in English. For a
descriptor, refer to MPM 1D1.

**MAT 2L1**** Mathematics (Locally Developed)**This course emphasizes the extension of mathematical knowledge
and skills to prepare students for success in their everyday lives, in
the workplace, and in the Grade 11 Mathematics Workplace Preparation
course. The course is organized in three strands related to money sense,
measurement, and proportional reasoning. In all strands, the focus is
on strengthening and extending key mathematical concepts and skills by
solving authentic, everyday problems. Students have opportunities to
extend their mathematical literacy and problem-solving skills and to
continue developing their skills in reading, writing, and oral language
through relevant and practical math activities.

PREREQUISITE: MAT 1L1 or MFM 1P1

**MFM 2P1**** Foundations of Mathematics**This course enables students to consolidate their understanding
of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic
skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and
hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in
analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life
examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations.
Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right
triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students
will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and
communicate their thinking.

PREREQUISITE: MFM 1P1 or MPM 1D1

**MPM 2D1**** Principles of Mathematics **This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills
through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract
reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their
applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of
geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the
trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason
mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step
problems.

PREREQUISITE: MPM 1D1

**MPM 2DZ**** Principles of Mathematics (Immersion) **The language of instruction for this course is French. The
objectives, content, teaching strategies and evaluation are identical to
those of the regular Grade 10 Mathematics course taught in English. For
a descriptor, refer to MPM 2D1.

**MBF 3C1**** Foundations for College Mathematics**This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will
extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate
situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving
compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle
ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and
evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and
statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students
will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and
communicate their thinking.

PREREQUISITE: MFM 2P1 or MPM 2D1

**MCF 3M1**** Functions and Applications**This course introduces basic features of the function by
extending studentsā experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on
quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in
modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions
numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve
equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will
reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve
multi-step problems.

PREREQUISITE: MFM 2P1 or MPM 2D1

**MCR 3U1**** Functions**This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function
by extending studentsā experiences with linear and quadratic relations.
Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous
functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent
functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems
involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and
develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions.
Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as
they solve multi-step problems.

PREREQUISITE: MPM 2D1

**MEL 3E1**** Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life **
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students
will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes, and
making purchases; apply calculations of simple and compound interest in
saving, investing, and borrowing; and calculate the costs of
transportation and travel in a variety of situations. Students will
consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and
communicate their thinking.

PREREQUISITE: MFM 1P1, MPM 1D1 or MAT 2L1 Note: The following
course has the same expectations as MEL 3E1 but within a specific area
of focus.

- i) MEL 3ED
This course focuses on applications in agriculture.

**MAP 4C1**** Foundations for College Mathematics **This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using
statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry
and trigonometry; solve financial problems connected with annuities,
budgets, and renting or owning accommodation; simplify expressions; and
solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate
their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares
students for college programs in areas such as business, health
sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades

PREREQUISITE: MBF 3C1 or MCF 3M1 or MCR 3U1

**MCT 4C1**** Mathematics for College Technology **This course enables students to extend their knowledge of
functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial,
exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent
functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility
in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems
that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, vectors, and
geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their
thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares
students for a variety of college technology programs.

PREREQUISITE: MCF 3M1 or MCR 3U1

**MCV 4U1**** Calculus and Vectors **This course builds on studentsā previous experience with
functions and their developing understanding of rates of change.
Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic
representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in
three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change
to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential,
rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to
the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine
their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior
mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue
careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some
areas of business, including those students who will be required to take
a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

PREREQUISITE: MHF 4U1

**MDM 4U1**** Mathematics of Data Management**This course broadens studentsā understanding of mathematics as it
relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing
and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving
probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation
that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also
refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in
senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in
business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course
of particular interest.

PREREQUISITE: MCF 3M1 or MCR 3U1

**MEL 4E1**** Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life **This course enables students to broaden their understanding of
mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students
will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the
concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations;
investigate accommodation costs, create household budgets, and prepare a
personal income tax return; use proportional reasoning; estimate and
measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will
consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and
communicate their thinking.

PREREQUISITE: MEL 3E1 or MBF 3C1

**MHF 4U1**** Advanced Functions **This course extends studentsā experience with functions. Students
will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic,
and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions;
broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in
applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use
of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior
mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the
Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program
and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics
before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

PREREQUISITE: MCR 3U1 or MCT 4C1