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Citing Electronic Information

Students need to know how to cite information that they find on the Web, in books, and in magazines. At Northern, most citation examples are in Modern Language Association (MLA) format. Other citation styles may include the American Psychological Association (APA) and the Chicago (Chicago Style or Chicago Manual of Style). Here are some places to go for recommended electronic information citation guides.

On the Web:
MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications) MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications) from the Purdue Online Writing Lab.

APA Formatting and Style Guide: Reference List: Electronic Sources from the Purdue Online Writing Lab.

The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide

Online! Citation Styles by A. Harnack and E. Kleppinger.

Citing Electronic Information in History Papers by Maurice Crouse.

The IPL's Style and Writing Guide Section Style and Writing Guides. 

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material.

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/ 
The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world.

Books:
MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, by Joseph Gibaldi, published by the Modern Language Association of America.

Chicago Manual of Style, published by University of Chicago Press.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, published by the American Psychological Association.

Examples Include:

From a Database

To cite from a database, note the article title, journal name and standard bibliographic information, the database listing the article information, and the organization subscribing to the database.

MLA Basic Electronic Citation Format:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of work." Article's original source and publication date: page numbers. Database name. Publisher. Location from which the site was accessed. Date researcher visited the site.

APA Basic Electronic Citation Format:

Author (year of original sources). Article title. Original source of article, page numbers. (Retrieval date [month, day, year,] from [source] database [name of database].

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